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3D or 3-D: a study of terminology, usage and style

Issue: 39(3) August 2013. Original articles Pages 59 – 61

Andrew J. Woods
Centre for Marine Science & Technology, Curtin University, Perth, Australia;


The terms “3D” and “3-D” are two alternative acronyms for the term “three-dimensional”. In the published literature both variants are commonly used but what is the derivation of the two forms and what are the drivers of usage? This paper surveys the published stereoscopic literature and examines publication-style policies to understand forces and trends

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